means feeding the infant to ensure that he has obtained enough nutrients during his first year and includes calories, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals, in order to maintain his health during growth and to prevent recurrent disease, and it is worth noting that the need of the infant They differ from one child to another, as he may need more or less of the elements in each food group, and he may also need a special diet.
Diet for a five-month-old
The introduction of solid foods for children starts from 4 to 6 months, and this stage is frightening for many mothers, and it should be noted that there is no correct and standard way to start a child’s eating of solid foods, and the following points show some signs that may indicate the willingness of infants to eat Crucifixion:
- He raised his head and stood upright in a high chair.
- A significant increase in the child’s weight, as he weighs at least 5.89 kilograms, meaning that his weight increased to twice as much as the weight at birth.
- He closed his mouth around a spoon.
- He moved food from front to back inside his mouth.
The right food
The following points clarify the food appropriate for a child during the fifth month:
- Mashed and cooked vegetables like sweet potatoes, zucchini, carrots, pumpkin. Fresh mashed fruits such as bananas, avocados, and peeled fruits such as apples and pears, are cooked until tender.
- Ready cereals, where rice is one of the most common types, as it can be mixed easily with mother’s milk or formula milk, which provides a controllable texture and taste suitable for the child, as it is one of the least food allergens for the child.
- Breast milk or formula, as breast-feeding or formula should be continued at a rate of 946.35 milliliters per day.
The right amount of food
It is recommended to start with about a teaspoon of pureed food, or ready-made cereal for children, and mix it with 60 milliliters of breastmilk or formula milk twice daily, and it is advised to gradually reduce the amount of added milk over time.
Children are more likely to develop food allergies if a close family member has an allergy or conditions related to an allergy, such as food allergies, eczema, and asthma, in this case, care must be taken and caution is not entered into the foods that cause it, and signs associated with allergies such as rash, bloating And an increase in gases, diarrhea, and vomiting, and it should be noted that the following points show foods that are prohibited for the child during the fifth month
- Forbidden foods
Until the age of one year, as it can contain certain spores that are not harmful to adults, but they can cause botulism in children.
- Cow’s milk
Until the age of one year, due to the lack of proper nutrients for the child. Foods that can cause choking such as meat, cheese, grapes, nuts, popcorn, and hard candy.
Tips for feeding a five-month-old
- Children often refuse to eat the first meals of pureed foods, because their taste and texture are new to them, in this case, it should not be forced, and try again within a week, and if the problem persists, it is advised to speak to the doctor to make sure that resisting eating is not a sign of a problem, as The following points show some tips for feeding a five-month-old child:
- Insert one type of food that does not contain sugar or salt, then wait for 3 to 5 days between each new food, in order to ensure that there is no allergic reaction to the food. It is also advised to start with vegetables and then introduce fruits.
- Focus on some important nutrients, such as iron and zinc. It is also worth noting the presence of these elements in mashed meat, single-grain cereals, and iron-fortified cereals.
- Avoid feeding the child through the bottle, instead, the child can be helped to sit upright, and the pills can be fed with a small spoon, and this process can be repeated once or twice daily.
- Avoid introducing fruit juice, as its nutritional value is less than fresh fruit, and large quantities can contribute to increased problems of weight, diarrhea, tooth decay, and reduce the child’s appetite for solid, nutritious foods.